Orthodontic Dentistry                                                                                                 20140701212350

Orthodontics (orthos - direct, dentis - tooth) - area of ​​dentistry dealing with the treatment of malocclusion and curvature of the dentition abnormalities. The issues of studying orthodontics are the causes and patterns of occurrence of diseases of dental system, the development and improvement of diagnostic methods; prevention and correction of strategy dentition anomalies bite, the configuration of the dental arches and jaws; normalization of the functioning of dentoalveolar system and the elimination of aesthetic disorders. Experts in the field of orthodontics is the orthodontist.

Orthodontics is working closely with other dental disciplines - medical and surgical dentistry, periodontics, orthopedics and otolaryngology, psychology. Modern orthodontics is based on achievements in the fields of physics, mathematics, chemistry, mechanics, strength of materials, engineering. Orthodontic Services in Minsk has most dental clinics.

The object of exposure in orthodontics is mastication-speech apparatus, formed by complex systems and chewing organs, breathing, sound production and speech.. The facial skeleton, temporomandibular nizhechelyustnymi joints, masticatory muscles, sky, teeth, etc. Orthodontics deals with correction of congenital problems of mastication, speech children apparatus, adolescents and adults. If the deformation and damage to the dental system developed as a result of disease or trauma, correction of defects lies in the prosthetic dentistry.


The tasks solved orthodontics include normalization of the size and shape of the dentition, correction of development and growth of the apical base and jaw bones, correction of occlusion, the achievement of the optimum ratio of the dynamics abductor and adductor. The ultimate goal of treatment in orthodontics - improving the aesthetics of the teeth and face, to ensure perfect contact between the teeth of the upper and lower jaw, a healthy and stable functioning of the dentition.

Orthodontic treatment is indicated when anomalies bite or position of individual teeth, contraction or shortening of the dental arches, increasing the distance between the individual teeth (two, three, diastema), after surgical correction of malocclusion, with a decrease in occlusal height - the total height of the upper and lower jaws in their closing.


Treatment in orthodontics is necessary not only for aesthetic purposes and for the psychological comfort of the patient, but also for the normal functioning of the entire dentition. So, irregularly placed teeth more difficult to clean, and they are more susceptible to tooth decay. Malocclusion degrades the quality of chewing leads to abrasion of the teeth, it promotes the development of periodontal diseases and pathology of the temporomandibular joint. Orthodontic treatment is contraindicated in severe periodontitis, mental disorders, severe allergic reactions, poor oral hygiene.

In a study in orthodontics recourse to inspection, palpation of the soft tissue and bone and joint system, the analysis of diagnostic plaster models of both jaws, execution ortopantomogrammu, CT and telerentgenogrammy, studying facial photographs, additional fixation anthropometric, kefalometricheskih, graphic and functional parameters. The total diagnostics in orthodontics allows to determine the magnitude, location and type of abnormality, choose the method of correction, calculate the strength and direction of action, as well as the price and the approximate timing of treatment.

Before treatment in orthodontics requires a full therapeutic, hygienic and surgical dental health: treatment of caries, tooth extraction, professional oral hygiene, stomatitis treatment, gingivitis, periodontal disease, periodontal disease, and so on..


In modern orthodontics has developed a point of view of the need as early as possible correction of occlusion defects, since the period of the eruption of primary teeth. This is due to greater tissue elasticity and mobility of the bony structures, as well as the possibility of treatment in the shortest possible time and with the most pronounced effect. The result of treatment in orthodontics depends on the age when the correction was made, and the nature of the anomaly.

In orthodontics used hardware, surgical, surgical and device-functionality (physiotherapy) correction methods.

Medical devices used in orthodontics, different mode of action (mechanical, functional, combined action), fixation (removable and non-removable) and supports (intraoral, extraoral, Combined).


Removable devices, most commonly used in orthodontics are single and dvuchelyustnye plastic plates made on the basis of an individual impression. Removable orthodontic appliances on teeth fixed by metal clasps may be independently removed from the mouth and placed into position. By the use of removable devices in orthodontics resorted mainly in children for minor tooth movement, correction of their growth and normalization functions.

terapevticheskaya stomatologiya

Also include removable structures used in orthodontics Functional Trainer system, the LM-activators, and activators Klammta Andresen-Goyplya, Frenkel apparatus, Clark and others. The new methods of treatment in orthodontics include the installation of transparent aligners.



A variety of fixed orthodontic appliances are palatal expanders, lingual arch, the unit Herbst. The most common and progressive view of permanent equipment in orthodontics is a bracket system. Braces are strengthened in the mouth for the entire duration of treatment, and are activated by an orthodontist at the reception. In orthodontics using metal, ceramic, sapphire, self-ligating (bezligaturnye), lingual braces. In orthodontics price of braces depends on their type and brand of the manufacturer.

The process is characterized by orthodontic treatment duration, it requires patience and strict compliance with the recommendations of an orthodontist by the patient. The course of orthodontic treatment is made up of active and retention phases. During the active period in orthodontics anomaly persists available, and in the process of retention - and secured the result achieved remission after removing devices.

Общественное объединение «Республиканская ассоциация инвалидов- колясочников» (ОО «РАИК»)